Tag Archives: South Korea

Forehead Augmentation with a Methyl Methacrylate Onlay Implant Using an Injection-Molding Technique – Brief Review

This is a technique for augmenting the forehead that is used to make the forehead more attractive. Most of the patients in this study were cis women, but a few were men. It is not clear if the men were trying to feminize their foreheads.

The authors were surgeons who used the procedure on 547 patients over a 13 year period; 516 of them were included in the study (the others did not return for the three-month follow-up). 45 of the patients were male, 471 were female.

Most of the patients were satisfied with the procedure and there were no major complications. 60 patients (12%) were not satisfied with the result, 28 people (5%) returned for a reoperation to fix things. The authors use the reoperation rate to evaluate the procedure. The authors modified their technique over time and the reoperation rate in 2008-2011 was lower than the rate in 1999-2002.

The article does not say if the people who were dissatisfied with the operation were female or male.

As in many studies, the authors of the paper are the surgeons who performed the operations. They may be biased in favor of their own work.

Original Article:

Forehead Augmentation with a Methyl Methacrylate Onlay Implant Using an Injectin-Molding Technique by Dong Kwon Park, Ingook Song, Jin Hyo Lee, and Young June You in Arch Plast Surg. Sep 2013; 40(5): 597–602..

Feminization of the Forehead in a Transgender: Frontal Sinus Reshaping Combined with Brow Lift and Hairline Lowering – Review

This is a case study of facial feminization surgery on a 39 year-old patient.

The patient in this case had had previous FFS, but felt that her forehead was still masculine. The surgery and techniques used are described in detail.

The patient was satisfied with the results, the authors say the forehead looks more feminine now, and measurements confirmed that the forehead changed. Looking at the before and after pictures, I can see a difference in one set of pictures, but I am not sure I would have identified the before forehead as masculine. In addition, in one set of pictures the hair style is different and covers part of the forehead.

As in many studies, this is written by the people who did the surgery so there is a possible bias in favor of thinking they did a good job.

Original Article:

Feminization of the Forehead in a Transgender: Frontal Sinus Reshaping Combined with Brow Lift and Hairline Lowering by Sung-Woo Cho and Hong Ryul Jin, in Aesth Plast Surg (2012) 36:1207–1210.

Note – This article contains pictures of surgery.